Individual stroke play.
Player "Dave" has a chip shot from off the green. He blades the shot and it is headed for a lateral water hazard on the other side of the green.
Fellow-Competitor "Ralph" is standing near the water hazard and deliberately stops the ball just short of the lateral water hazard.
1.From where does Dave play his next stroke?
2. What penalties apply if Ralph's action to stop the ball if was instinctive and not premeditated?
3. What penalties apply if Ralph's action was premeditated and he stationed himself at a place where he might see a mishit stroke go?
4. What penalties apply if Dave had asked Ralph to position himself so he could stop the ball if necessary to prevent it going into the lateral water hazard.?