Golf course comes in different shapes and sizes. A good architectural course design invites players to visit more often and have fun. Its intricacy makes it less boring. Of course, nothing beats a well-maintained golf course. But whatever they may be, the parts are all the same. Every part is important. Every parts has its roles and functions for everyone to enjoy playing. A golf course is composed of 18-hole making a round. Some have 9-holes. It is important to be familiar with the parts of the golf course and here they are:
Every play starts with a shot from the tee box. Typically, it is designated with different colors in each teeing ground once it is played by more than one golfer. The following are the usual colors used with corresponds to age, gender, and handicap:
Red – closest to the hole, with less major hazards, used by novice players, ladies or junior players
Gold – next farthest, used by teenage boys, low handicap ladies and senior or low handicap men
White - farther still, used by low to average handicap men and low handicap teenage boys
Black or Blue – farthest from the hole, with most major hazards, usually used during tournaments with zero handicap males
You should tee up your ball anywhere between the 2 markers and up to 2 club lengths behind them.
After teeing, the goal is to drive your ball to the fairway. Fairway is the short and evenly mowed area between the tee box and the putting green. If you stay in this pathway you have improve your chance to keep a low score. Dogleg refers to the bent of the fairways or the angle towards the hole either on the left or the right.
From the fairway advance the ball toward the green. It also called as the putting green because only the putter is allowed to be used once in this area. The edges of the green is surrounded with a slightly longer grass called fringes or collar. The green has the shortest grass in the golf course mainly for putting. You have to remove the flagstick once you reached the green, before hitting the ball. It has contours and undulations that creates slopes and breaks upon rolling the ball to the cup or the hole so reading the green is a must. The play per hole has ended as soon as the ball drops into the hole.
This part of the golf course is the most feared place to be in. It designed at the edge of the fairways with longer and thicker grass and different kinds of lush vegetation such as trees and bushes. It is placed there as a design strategy for golfers to play with precision aiming to the green and stay in the fairway. It will be hard to you to go back onto playable ground and make solid contact with the ball once you’re in the rough.
Avoid these two types of hazards that add strokes to your score:
Hitting into a water hazards such as ponds, lakes, creeks, streams, ditches and rivers, either manmade or natural means lost ball and 1-stroke penalty. It marked by blue colored stakes around their boundary.
Lateral water hazards are placed along the fairway or at the side of the green with yellow stakes.
Even if the water hazard doesn’t have water in it the moment you play because it run dry is still a water hazard.
Bunkers are hollowed out with different shapes and have two types depending on its location:
Fairway bunker is without stakes. It is an indentation or a pit in the fairway filled with sand also known as the sand trap.
Greenside bunkers are sand trap surrounding the green.
Always remember that when playing off the sand, your club cannot touch the surface.
Some golf course may or may not have a driving range. This is a place for practicing where you can run-through your golf skills before the actual play.